PIA Pakistan International Airlines
PIA is the nationwide flag provider of Pakistan beneath the Govt of Pak for Aviation.
Its fundamental hub is KHI JIAP, whereas Allama Iqbal International Airport in Lahore,
and Islamabad International Airport function secondary hubs
PIA was based on 29 October 1946 as Orient Airways, and was initially based mostly in Calcutta,
British India earlier than shifting operations to the newly impartial state of Pakistan in 1947.
Orient Airways was nationalized and merged with the brand new
PIA in 1955 to kind the Pakistan International Airlines Corporation (PIAC)
The new airline commenced worldwide providers in 1955 to London,
PIA grew to become the primary
through Cairo and Rome. PIA grew to become the primary Asian airline to function jet plane,
with the induction of the Boeing 707 into industrial service on 7 March 1960,
and later in 1964 grew to become the primary non-communist airline to fly to,
China The airline performed an important position within the institution,
of Emirates airways in 1985 In 2004, PIA turn into the launch buyer of the Boeing 777-200LR,
and on 10 November 2005 used the Boeing 777-200LR to finish the world’s longest nonstop flight by an industrial airliner – a flight which lasted 22 hours and 22 minutes on the eastbound route between Hong Kong and London
PIA is Pakistan’s largest airline and operates a fleet of greater than 30 planes.
The airline operates almost 100 flights every day, servicing 18 home locations and 25 worldwide locations throughout Asia, Europe, the Middle East and North America.
In addition to industrial flops, Pak int airlines additionally owns The Roosevelt Hotel in NY City,
and the CDG Scribe Hotel in Paris.
The airline operates a frequent flier program, PIA Awards plus,
and has a number of codeshare and interline agreements, however, will not be a part of any airline alliance.
As of December 2019, the Pakistan International Airlines fleet consists of the next plane
Airbus A320-200 12
ATR 42-500 3
ATR 72-500 4
B 777-200ER 6
777-200LR 2 Boeing
Boeing 777-300ER 4
The Airbus A320 household are narrow-body airliners designed and produced by Airbus.
ATR 42-500 3
The ATR 42 is a twin-turboprop, a three-way partnership shaped by French aerospace firm Aérospatiale (now Airbus) and Italian aviation conglomerate Aeritalia (now Leonardo S.p.A.).
short-haul regional airliner developed and manufactured in France and Italy by ATR,
The quantity “42” in its title is derived from the plane‘s customary seating configuration in a passenger-carrying configuration,
which usually varies between 40 and 52 passengers.
During the 1980s, French aerospace firm Aérospatiale and Italian aviation conglomerate Aeritalia merged their separate work upon a brand new technology of regional plane collectively.
For this goal, a brand new collectively owned firm was established,
ATR, for the aim of growing, manufacturing,
and advertising their first airliner, which was later designated because the ATR 42.
On 16 August 1984, the primary mannequin of the collection,
designated because the ATR 42–300, carried out the sort‘s maiden flight.
Type certification from French and Italian aviation authorities was granted throughout September 1985,
and the plane carried out its first revenue-earning flight, operated by launch buyer Air Littoral,
throughout December of that yr.
To date, the entire ATR collection has been manufactured on the firm‘s closing meeting line in Toulouse,
Franc ATR advantages from its sharing of sources and know-how with Airbus SE,
which has continued to carry a 50 % stake within the firm.
Improved fashions of the plane have been launched, incorporating new avionics resembling a glass cockpit,
and the adoption of newer engine variations for enhanced efficiency,
resembling elevated effectivity and reliability together with reductions in operational prices.
The ATR 42 and ATR 72 have been produced side-by-side for many years
ATR 72-500 4
The ATR 72 is a 2 engine turboprop, short-haul regional airliner Made by France and Italy by plane producer ATR,
a three-way partnership shaped by French aerospace firm Aérospatiale (Today Airbus) and Italian aviation conglomerate Aeritalia. The quantity “72” in its title is derived from the plane‘s customary seating configuration in a pax carrying configuration, which might seat 72–78 passengers in a single-class association.
During the 1980s, French aerospace firm Aérospatiale and Italian aviation conglomerate Aeritalia merged their work on a brand new technology of regional plane.
For this goal, a brand new collectively owned firm was established, ATR,
for the aim of growing, manufacturing, and advertising their first airliner,
which was later designated because the ATR 42. On 16 August 1984,
the primary mannequin of the collection, designated because the ATR 42-300,
carried out the sort‘s maiden flight.
On 27 October 1989, Finnish airline Finnair grew to become the primary airline to function the sort in income service.
The ATR 72 has additionally been used as a company transport, cargo plane,
and maritime patrol plane.
To date, the entire ATR collection have been accomplished on the firm‘s closing meeting line in Toulouse,
France; ATR advantages from sharing sources and know-how with Airbus SE,
which has continued to carry a 50% curiosity within the firm. Successive fashions of the ATR 72 have been developed.
Typical updates have included new avionics, resembling a glass cockpit, and the adoption of newer engine variations to ship enhanced efficiency, resembling elevated effectivity and reliability and reductions in working prices.
The plane share an excessive diploma of commonality with the smaller ATR 42, which can be nonetheless in manufacturing.
Boeing 777 200
The 777 was designed to bridge the hole between Boeing’s 767 and 747,
and to switch older DC-10s or L-1011s. Developed in session with eight main airways,
with a primary assembly in January 1990, this system was launched on October 14, 1990 with a primary order from United Airlines.
The 777 first entered industrial service with United Airlines on June 7, 1995.
Longer vary variants have been launched on February 29, 2000 and have been first delivered on April 29, 2004.
It is the world largest 2 engine jet and has a 3 class capability of 300 to 367 pax, with a variety of 5,240 to eight,555 NM (9,704 to 15,844 km).
It is recognizable for its large diameter 2 fan engines, six wheels on every fundamental touchdown gear,
absolutely round fuselage cross-section, and a blade-shaped tail cone.
It has fly-by-wire controls, a primary for Boeing.
It initially competed with the out-of-production Airbus A340 and McDonnell Douglas MD-11, and at present competes with the Airbus A330-300 and the newer Airbus A350 XWB.
Those 777 Classics have been powered with 77,200–98,000 lbs (343–436 kN) GE90, Pratt & Whitney PW4000, or Rolls-Royce Trent 800 engines.
The longer vary 777-300ER with an MTOW of 766,000–775,000 lb (347–352 t) entered service in 2004,
the extremely long-range 777-200LR in 2006, and the 777F freighter in 2009.
In November 2013, Boeing introduced the 777X improvement with the –Eight and -9 variants,
scheduled to enter service by 2020. The 777X options composite wings with folding wingtips and General Electric GE9X engines.
The most typical and profitable variant is the 777-300ER with 810 delivered and 844 orders.
As of July 2018, Emirates was the biggest operator with 163 plane.
By March 2018, the 777 had turned into the most-produced Boeing wide-body jet,
surpassing the Boeing 747. As of February 2019,
the 777 has been concerned in 28 aviation accidents and incidents,
together with seven hull-losses (5 in-flight and two in-floor incidents)
leading to 541 fatalities together with three hijackings
Launched on the CDGAir Show on June 26, 1995,
its main meeting began in Mar 97 and its physique was joined on Jul 21,
it was rolled-out on Sep 08 and made its 1st flight on Oct 16.
The boing 777 was designed to be stretched by 20%: 60 further seats to virtually 370 in tri-class,
75 extra to 451 in two courses,
Much as 550
Much as 550 in all-economy just like the 747SR short-range variant. with 33 ft (10.1 m) stretch is finished with 17 ft (5. 3 m) in ten frames ahead and 16 ft (4. 8 m) in 9 frames aft for a 242 ft (73.Eight m) size, 11 ft (3.Four m) longer than the 747-400. It makes use of
The -200IGW 45,200 US gal (171,200 L) gas capability and 84,000–98,000 lbf (374–436 kN) engines with a 580,000 to 661,000 lb (263.Three to 299.6 t) MTOW.
Its overwing fuselage part 44 was strengthened, with its pores and skin thickness going from the -200’s 6.
Three to 11.Four mm
Three to 11.Four mm (0.25 to 0.45 in), and acquired a brand new evacuation door pair.
Its working empty weight with Rolls-Royce engines in typical tri-class format is 343,300 lb (155.72 t) in comparison with 307,300 lb (139.38 t) for an equally configured -200.
Boeing needed to ship 170 -300s by 2006 and to provide 28 per yr by 2002,
to switch Boeing 747 Classics, burning one-third much less gas with a 40% decrease upkeep prices.
Eight totally different clients have taken supply of 60 planes of the variant, of which 18 have been powered by the PW4000 and 42 by the RR Trent (none have been ordered with the general electric 90,
which was by no means certificated on this variant, with 48 in airline service as of July 2018.
he final -300 was delivered in 2006 whereas the longer-range -300ER began deliveries in 2004.
Boing 777-200 LR
The 777-200LR (“LR” for Longer Range), the C-market mannequin, entered service in 2006 as one of many longest-range industrial airliners.
Boeing nicknamed it Worldliner as it might join virtually any two airports on the planet, though it’s topic to ETOPS restrictions. It holds the world report for the longest nonstop flight by a industrial airliner.
most designs vary of 8,555 nautical miles (15,844 km) as of 2017.
The -200LR was supposed for extremely long-haul routes resembling Los Angeles to Singapore.
Developed alongside the -300ER, the -200LR options an elevated MTOW and three non-obligatory auxiliary gas tanks within the rear cargo maintain.
Other new options embrace prolonged raked wingtips, redesigned fundamental touchdown gear,
and extra structural strengthening.